For many centuries Chipperfield was an outlying settlement of the village of Kings Langley, being on the boundary of the domain of the Royal Palace there. The first documentary evidence of the name is found in 1316, when Edward II bequeathed ‘the Manor House of Langley the closes adjoining together with the vesture of Chepervillewode for Fewel and other Necessaries’ to the Dominican Black Friars. The name is probably derived from the Anglo-Saxon ‘ceapere’ –a trader and ‘feld’ meaning field, suggesting that there was some form of market in early times.
By the 1830’s the hamlet was large enough to warrant the building of both Anglican and Baptist Churches and Chipperfield became a separate ecclesiastical parish in 1848. The first council housing was built after the First World War. Later in the economic slump some farmland was sold for small holdings and commuter homes along the access roads to the village and the local lanes.
Since the Second World War the village has expanded considerably, the majority of the new building being in the form of local authority housing. Some manorial land was given for council housing in the late 1940’s and a considerably larger area was acquired from a local nurseryman for an extensive council estate to the east of Croft Lane in the 1960’s. In 1963 Chipperfield was split off from Kings Langley and Chipperfield Parish Council created. Since 1980 the rate of new building has diminished considerably, though a noteworthy addition in 1986 was the building of a Roman Catholic church to serve Chipperfield and the surrounding villages.As part of the Manor of Kings Langley, Chipperfield Common was in royal ownership from 1066 when William I conquered England until 1630 when Charles I sold it to the City of London to pay his debts. For four hundred years the Manor was a favourite royal palace and park but since 1630 ownership has changed several times, either by inheritance or by purchase. In 1936 Chipperfield Common, which at that time comprised pasture, heathland and woods, was gifted to the local authority by the Lord of the Manor.